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An Introduction 
The Cachar district is located on the bank of river Barak (South of Assam), is bounded by North Cachar Hills and state of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, sister district Hailakandi, Karimganj, and neighbour country Bangladesh. It is the oldest district of Assam. Cachar is the gateway to Mizoram and Manipur but communication to Cachar is not easy. The district covers an area of 3786 Sq.Km. The main river of the district is Barak. The total population as per 2001 Census 14,42,141. The district's litaracy rate is 68.42%. It has two sub-division- Silchar and Lakhipur. Silchar is the center point of the district .The Cachar district has 8 police station ,15 development blocks,5 revenue circles,163 gaon panchayat. 



Climate of Cachar District is significant for excessive humidity and being surrounded by ranges of hills on the North, East and South of the district. Heat during summer time is unbearable because of humidity. The air is surcharged with moisture and rainfall is extremely heavy. The winter season is not so cold like other states of India. The actual rainy season starts from May and remains up to October.

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The economic condition of Cachar is good. Tea, rice, timber, bamboo, cane, stone, send, natural gas etc are the major products.



The language spoken in this part of the world is Bengali, especially Sylheli that is spoken by the people of syleth, now in Bangladesh. Other languages spoken in the region are Hindi, Manipuri, Dimasa, and Khasi etc.


People are religious and half of the populations are Hindu and rests are Muslim, Christian, Buddhists, Shiks, and Jains etc. 


 As per 1991 Census nearly half of the population are illiterate, marginally higher than the state average.


It has 7 general colleges, 1 Regional Engenering College (N.I.T.),1 Medical College,1 B. T College, and 28 higher secondary schools and 1 central University (Assam University). It (A.U.) is the only centre for higher education.

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 Town & Cities in Cachar District
 >> Silchar (City)
 >> Lakhipur (Town)